Nigerian Recipe

How to Make Akamu, Ogi, or Pap with Video Guide


There is a wonderful delicacy in the rich tapestry of Nigerian food that has captured the hearts and palates of people from all tribes and has captivated taste buds all across the world. Welcome to the world of Akamu, a popular Nigerian cuisine with many names based on location and tribe. It is known as pap by the Igbos, Ogi by the Yorubas, and Koko by the Hausas. This flexible dish is typically served for breakfast and is frequently coupled with delicious akara, creating an irresistible combination.

Akamu is a classic dish that can be prepared with either millet or guinea corn, or a combination of the two. This imparts a particular flavor and texture, with subtle variances depending on the grain used. Regardless of the basic ingredient, Akamu has a smooth and pleasing consistency.

Akamu is a breakfast staple in Nigeria, transcending tribal barriers. Its simplicity and comforting features have made it a household favorite across the country.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the entire process of preparing akamu. We’ll share all the insights and ideas you need to create a bowl of Akamu that will transport you to the bustling streets of Nigeria, from selecting the proper grains to reaching the perfect consistency.

Let’s get into it, shall we?

How to Make Akamu, Ogi, or Pap


Cooking pot – Available on Amazon, and Jumia
Wooden spoon – Available on Amazon, and Jumia
Bowl – Available on Amazon, and Jumia
Sieving cloth – Available on Amazon
Blender – Available on Vevor, Amazon, and Jumia
Measuring cups – Available on Amazon, and Jumia
Tablespoon – Available on Amazon, and Jumia
Spoon (scoop)


2 cups of millet and 2 cups of guinea corn
½ cup of sugar
Cloves, cardamom, cinnamon, ginger, and dry pepper.

Procedure for Making Akamu

STEP 1: In a clean bowl, combine the millet and guinea corn. Add enough water to cover them and let them soak for at least 5 hours. If you plan to make it for breakfast, it’s preferable to soak it overnight.

STEP 2: After soaking, drain the millet and guinea corn. Give them a thorough wash to remove any dirt or small stones, and then add fresh water.

STEP 3: Blend the soaked millet with cloves, cardamom, ginger, and dry pepper until you have a smooth paste.

STEP 4: Use a clean sieve and water to filter the millet paste, removing any chaff. Discard the residue.

STEP 5: Allow the sieved millet paste to ferment for 2–3 hours.

STEP 6: Remove the water that has risen to the top after fermentation, leaving only the paste.

STEP 7: In a pot over medium heat, add 2 cups of water and bring it to a boil.

STEP 8: Scoop some of the thick akamu paste into a bowl, add a little water, and mix thoroughly.

STEP 9: Divide the mixture into two portions, using the larger portion.

STEP 10: Pour the hot water into the bowl containing the larger paste and stir gently. Gradually add the second paste until you achieve the desired thickness.

STEP 11: If the consistency is too thick, you can add a little water (not hot) until it reaches the desired thickness.

STEP 12: Sweeten the akamu with sugar according to your taste and serve it hot.

How to Serve Akamu

Pairing Akamu with akara, a traditional Nigerian bean cake made from black-eyed peas, is one of the most scrumptious ways to consume it. The creamy Akamu and crispy, salty akara combine to produce a wonderful blend of flavors and textures that will awaken your taste buds and leave you wanting more.

You could also take it with cin cin, moi moi, puff puff, wainar fulawa, or any other snack of your choice.

Occasions to Serve Akamu

It can be served as any of the three basic meals that we have: breakfast, lunch, or dinner; most preferably, breakfast, as earlier established.

It could also be served at festivals, family gatherings, or naming ceremonies, to mention but a few.

How to Store Akamu

Preferably, make just enough for consumption at the moment. This is because they are not suitable for storage for more than 24 hours.

Health Benefits of Akamu

Apart from its delicious taste, akamu offers several health benefits. It helps regulate blood pressure, lowers LDL cholesterol levels, and is highly beneficial for nursing mothers. Akamu is a good source of energy, easy to digest, and promotes kidney health. It also lowers the risk of neural tube defects and is especially beneficial for toddlers and babies.


Whether you’re a seasoned foodie or curious about Nigeria’s rich culinary tradition, learning how to prepare Akamu is a delightful adventure worth taking. Its straightforward yet fulfilling character will undoubtedly make it a favorite addition to your morning dishes.

So, gather your millet or guinea corn, set aside some time for fermentation, and prepare to enjoy the velvety richness of Akamu. It’s time to up your breakfast game and embrace the tastes of this beloved Nigerian delicacy enjoyed by people from all around the world.

I hope you find this write-up worthwhile.

You are always welcome to Northpad Nigeria for more delicacies.

Fatima Sani

Fatima Sani is an enthusiastic writer. She loves writing, basically on delicacies - Northern Nigerian delicacies to be specific. More so, she derives joy from sharing her kitchen expertise to those in need.

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